Pitch, Tar (Eng.)
Teer (Ger.)
Gourdon (Fr.)
Catrame (It.)
Pissa (Gr.)
Qitran (Pers.., Arab.)
Ral, Dhuna (Hindi, Sans.)
Tar (Hindi)
Niryasam (Sans.)
Lassa (Beng.)
Vard (Arab.)
Gulab ka phul, Gul-e- Surkh, Fasli gulab (Unani)


An erect shrub attaining a hight of about 2 metre, stem with numerous staut hooked and hard prickles. Branches are long, arching, with large hooked prickles. Leaves pinnate, leaflets usually five to seven,ovate-oblong, serrate, more are less pub scent beneath, petioles prickly. Flowers several arranged in a corymb, double, red, pink or white, borne on glandular-hispid and prickly pedicles, sweet scented. Fruit obovate or ovoid, bristly pulpy and bright red.  

The rose under the name of vard  has been referred to in the Qur'an for the description of Dooms Day or Qayamat (the last Day) when the whole atmosphere would look like rose (red).

Several hundred varieties of Roses are found wild and cultivated throughout the hot and temperate regions of the world. 

R.damescena is the main species which is valued for the production of Attar of Roses and Rose water R.phoenicia and R.gallica were also found in Arabia during the time of Prophet Muhammed. Prophet had great liking for the aromas (scents) which have been referred to in many traditions.

Parts Used : Flowers, Flower buds, stamens and oil.

Systems Affected : Digestive, circulatory and reproductive system.

Specific Action :  Mild laxative, astringent and refrigerant. 

Medical Properties :

Rose hips are occasionally made into jamjellymarmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose hips are also used to produce Rose hip seed oil, which is used in skin products and some makeup products.[citation needed]

Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Persian and Middle Eastern cuisine—especially in sweets such asnougatgumdrops, raahat and baklava.
Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas.
In France there is much use of rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals. In the United States, this French rose syrup is used to make rose scones and marshmallows.[citation needed] In the Indian subcontinent Rooh Afza, a concentrated squash made with roses, is popular, as well as rose-flavored ice cream and kulfi

  • Are bitter sweet, expectorant, laxative, cardiotonic
  • and good for toothache, eyes, stomatitis, headache; 
  • and good for liver, lungs and kidneys; tonic, aphrodisiac; used to treat fevers, intestinal infections, inflammation;
  • Reduces body heat; astringent when dry.
  • Reduces excessive perspiration and heat due to biliousness.
  • It reduces bad odour from mouth.
  • Improves appetite.
  • Beneficial in the treatment of abnormal function of lever and kidneys
  • Cures burning sensations and intestinal affections.
  • Aqueous flower extract is used in the irritated affections of eyes.
  • A conserve of rose petals called "Gulqand" is prepared by taking equal parts of sugar and rose petals. It has mild laxative action. It improves appetite, cures soar throat and is helpful in treating urinogental disorders. 
Essential Oil

  • Used to treat depression, stress, eczema,frigidity, mature skin problems and menopause.
  • Helpful in the treatment of poor circulation, heart problems such as heart palpitations, arrhythmia, high blood pressure (B.P).
  • It can be boost liver and gall bladder functions.
  • It has cleaning, regulating and purifying effect on female sex organs.  
  • Can be used to regulate and balance hormones, functional infertility, irregular menstruation, menorrhagia, uterine bleeding and other uterine disorders.
  • It has a general tonifying effect on the uterus.
  • Effectively hydrates and moisturises the skin, has stimulant and anti septic action which is good especially for dry and irritated skin.
  • It helps in the treatment of eczema, harps and skin redness.
The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of Vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine. This and other species have been used for stomach problems, and are being investigated for controlling cancer growth.

Emotional Attributes

Strongly floral and sweet, Can be used to treat depression, anxiety, nervous tension, stress and at the same time addresses sexuality. Deals with emotional problems, depression and grief. Counteracts melancholy, controls panic attacks. Creates a state of happiness and peace.

Note : The information given is meant for educational purpose only


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About G A Moinuddin

Ahmed Moinuddin retired from his position as HR Manager in a top Indian Public Sector Organization. He holds Masters in Sciences and has versatile experience in managing people and departments. His passion is to share knowledge from the bucket of experiences he had over these years at personal and professional front.
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